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Roads

The roads sector, as one of the biggest investors of public funds, is considered to offer significant potential for employment creation, particularly through the increased use of labour-based methods.

Transport in Uganda
Road Transport is the dominant mode of transport in Uganda, accounting for over 95 per cent of the volume of freight and human movement. Further roads are the major form of access to rural communities. Improving road infrastructure is a priority area in the National Development Plan (NDP) of the Ugandan Government, as the weak infrastructure is one of the key constraints to economic development in Uganda as it increases the costs of trade. In addition good road infrastructure is important in the eradication of poverty, as it contributes to improved production and productivity, improved access to markets, social service delivery (health, education, etc.) and time savings.
Denmark has supported the road sector in Uganda since 1995. This support has been phased out and Denmark exited the road sector support in June 2016. However, for the past 20 years, over DKK 750 million has been invested in rural transport. The focus of Ugandan-Danish development cooperation has been based on the Government of Uganda strategy for sustainable maintenance of district, urban and community access roads.

The purpose of construction of rural transport infrastructure is to make life better for the communities. With a good transport network, farmers are able to deliver farm produce to wider markets and to access agricultural inputs. Furthermore, such infrastructure also makes it easier to travel to hospitals, schools and government offices. An improved transport system enables for people to access markets and services hence improving their quality of life. It is our hope that these have been constructed to the best quality and will continue to be a great service to the community.

Denmark has also supported the Government of Uganda in promoting labour-based training. Focus for this support has been the Mount Elgon Labour-based Training Centre (MELTC). Local Government Staff and Local Private Contractors have been trained in labour-intensive techniques that create many jobs for the communities where road construction takes place by mainly using manual labour supported by basic machines for road construction.

The labour-intensive methods have a high potential for employment creation especially in rural areas, as they employ men and women from the surrounding areas. The dual benefit is that the roads are improved while at the same time jobs are created for the local community. This translates into higher household incomes and improved livelihoods. The community participation in the works also encourages ownership and to some extent mitigates the risks of corruption and shoddy works.